The mile is a unit of length in the imperial unit system with the symbol mi.
It was originally an English unit but was adopted by many countries who all had their own slight variation on definition. The English mile, however, is equal to 63,360 inches, 5280 ft or 1760 yards.
The UK still uses the mile on all roadway signs rather than the kilometre; its SI "equivalent". It used to have the symbol 'm' until SI was established and it was changed to avoid confusion with the unit metre.
The inch is a unit of length in the imperial unit system with the symbol in.
There are 12 inches in a foot and 3 feet in a yard. Therefore there are 36 inches in a yard. There are exactly 2.54 centimetres in an inch.
Borrowed from the Latin 'uncia' - the English word 'inch', the origination of the word came from the Old English word for 'ounce' which was related to the Roman phrase for "one twelfth".
The inch is still a commonly used unit in the UK, USA and Canada - and is also still used in the production of electronic equipment, still very evident in the measuring of monitor and screen sizing.