The mile is a unit of length in the imperial unit system with the symbol mi.
It was originally an English unit but was adopted by many countries who all had their own slight variation on definition. The English mile, however, is equal to 63,360 inches, 5280 ft or 1760 yards.
The UK still uses the mile on all roadway signs rather than the kilometre; its SI "equivalent". It used to have the symbol 'm' until SI was established and it was changed to avoid confusion with the unit metre.
The furlong is a unit of length in the imperial unit system and uses the symbol fur.
One furlong is equal to 1/8 mile, 660 feet, 220 yards, 40 rods, 10 chains or ≈ 201m.
The furlong was a term used to describe the legnth of a furrow in one acre of a ploughed open field (communal field). It now only really remains in the world of horse-racing in UK, Ireland, Canada and the US.